|Staines Moor's third Eurasian Spoonbill passed low overhead on 30 March|
Early 2014 will be remembered for the extensive flooding across many parts of Britain, including at Staines and Stanwell Moors. A deep polar vortex over North America throughout the winter of 2013/14 pushed the Gulf Stream much further south than usual, sending one low pressure system after another across the Atlantic to produce the wettest January in southern England since records began in 1910.
Weeks of heavy rainfall saturated the ground and the extremely high water table kept the pools on Staines Moor topped up. The River Wraysbury, which flows along the west boundary of Staines Moor, burst its banks in January causing the most widespread flooding on Staines Moor since January 2003, and remained in flood right through to March.
Access to Staines Moor in particular became very difficult, with the Moor Lane entrances either impassable or requiring waders, and the Colne Valley Way through Stanwell Moor also flooded and was often impassable. But this did not stop a few determined observers from continuing to watch the site.
|Several fish were seen swimming around on the flooded footpaths at night in February, including this Northern Pike Esox lucius|
The Pantanal-like conditions on Staines Moor attracted unusually high counts of Little Egret, including a new personal highest count of 5 in January and a new site record of 10 on 3 February9, up to 7 Water Pipits around the floods and along the Colne (a personal highest count of 5), and the highest number of wintering Lapwings for several years. Large counts of Black-headed Gulls included 150+ on the floods on 19 February5, and 40 Pied Wagtails on the same date5 (my personal highest count was 20) was impressive. 40 Common Snipe on 24 February3 is a good count for modern times.
Also on Staines Moor, a Short-eared Owl made irregular appearances from late January through to March, a Merlin was seen on 3, 7 and 23 February by various observers, up to seven Goosander were frequently noted - on the Colne and overhead and a Water Rail took up residence under the willows mid way along the Colne. In January at least 2 Eurasian Woodcock regularly showed well at night around the anthills.
|Eurasian Woodcock frequently showed well at night on Staines Moor at both ends of the year|
On Stanwell Moor, a Bittern was seen sporadically throughout January and February (with another or the same reported at Shortwood Pond on nearby Shortwood Common (part of the wider Staines Moor SSSI) on 31 January), another Merlin was reported and a couple of Cetti's Warblers took up residence.
The receding flood waters brought in a Dark-bellied Brent Goose to Staines Moor that was seen almost daily feeding from 17 March to 1 April, and also visited both King George VI Reservoir and Staines Reservoirs.
|Brent Goose, Staines Moor, 17 March - 1 April (Photos by Neil Randon (left) and David Carlsson (right))|
Mid March saw the first spring migrants passing through (list of first arrival dates below). Locally scarce migrants include an Oystercatcher at Stanwell Moor on 25 March6, a Curlew over Staines Moor on the same date11, Staines Moor's third Eurasian Spoonbill over on 30 March, a Ring Ouzel from 18-19 April1 and a Marsh Harrier over on 20 April4.
First arrival dates of common summer migrants at Staines Moor or Stanwell Moor for 2014:
|Northern Wheatear||18 Mar||Staines Moor||Roger Dewey|
|Little Ringed Plover||30 Mar||Stanwell Moor||Chris Lamsdell|
|Sand Martin||30 Mar||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Sedge Warbler||5 Apr||Stanwell Moor||Lee Dingain|
|House Martin||8 Apr||Stanwell Moor||Thomas Gibson|
|Barn Swallow||9 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Common Tern||17 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Willow Warbler||17 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Common Whitethroat||17 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Lesser Whitethroat||17 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Cuckoo||24 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Whinchat||24 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Common Redstart||24 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Reed Warbler||24 Apr||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Common Swift||1 May||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
|Garden Warbler||1 May||Staines Moor||Lee Dingain|
At least one pair of Cuckoo were noted in late May, and a survey of breeding birds on Staines Moor revealed 4 singing male Lesser Whitethroat, 12 Meadow Pipit territories, and 8-9 Reed Bunting territories (with some seen carrying nest material and food). 4 Northern Lapwings took up territory with at least 2 pairs breeding successfully, with a chick seen from two different broods (and two broods caught and ringed). Two pairs of Redshank also managed to breed, with two broods also caught and ringed. Taller vegetation resulting from much reduced grazing attracted 2 singing male Grasshopper Warblers, however, breeding was not confirmed.
|One of two territorial male Grasshopper Warblers present on Staines Moor during April and May|
Autumn passage saw some good visible migration overhead at Staines Moor, including the first Black Tern for Staines Moor, a moulting adult, on 3 October, Staines Moor's third 1 Little Gull over on 15 October, the second Marsh Harrier of the year on 27 September followed by a third on 15 November8, and 6 Brent Geese on 30 October. High counts of common species on the move include 2,449 Woodpigeon on 22 October (a new site record), and 1,578 Starling and 135 Chaffinch on 26 October.
An influx of Ring Ouzel into south-east England in mid October saw several hundred at coastal sites, and at least 2 making it to Staines Moor on 15 October, and another briefly on 24 October. This autumn also saw an excellent chat passage with good numbers of Whinchat peaking at 11 on 6 September4, as well as many Stonechats, with at least 18 on 27 September - yet another new site record.
Autumn sightings on or over Stanwell Moor including a Firecrest on 30 September2, and 218 Eurasian Wigeon over on 12 October.
Migrant Short-eared Owls on Staines Moor include an early bird on 15 September7, 2-3 on 15 October, and a single on 30 October. A Barn Owl was at the north end of Staines Moor early morning on 19 October10, and Staines Moor's third Tawny Owl, a male, was heard calling from Bonehead Ditch on 29 November4.
|One of at least four migrant Short-eared Owls on Staines Moor this autumn|
Two Short-eared Owls wintered on Staines Moor - seen intermittently from 30 November until the end of the year, and at least 14 Stonechat decided to stay on for the winter, attracting Staines Moor's sixth (and longest-staying) Dartford Warbler that took to following them around from 15 November to 13 December.
The first returning wintering Water Pipits were 2-3 along the Colne on 15 October. Numbers of this scarce continental winter visitor peaked at 6 (though possibly as many as 11) on 28 November. November saw large numbers of Fieldfare and Redwing stripping berries off the hawthorns in the north-west corner - I'm so glad I managed to persuade Spelthorne Borough Council to leave some of these hawthorns and not fell them all.
|Staines Moor's sixth, and longest-staying, Dartford Warbler was present from 15 November to 13 December|
Non-avian highlights include 4 Chub in flood water under the bridge along the old railway on 16 February, a Northern Pike in flood water on 22 February, 2 Roe Deer reported on a few occasions by other observers in February (a site first to my knowledge), a Reeve's Muntjac on 17 April, and a Clouded Yellow on 27 September.
Many thanks to the following observers for reporting their records: 1Kevin Duncan, 2Graeme Charles, 3Thomas Gibson, 4Rob Innes, 5Keith Kerr, 6Chris Lamsdell, 7Franko J Maroevic, 8Stephen Minhinnick, 9Roger Morton, 10Dominic Pia, and 11Richard Woolley. Also thanks to David Carlsson and Neil Randon for their photos.