28 July 2016

Austral winter mothing at REGUA, Brazil: 3-16 July

The austral winter months are characterised by much cooler, less humid and drier weather than the summer and so far fewer moths are flying at this time of year. Despite the mainly cool conditions during our trip earlier this month, and the moth wall being very quiet, we managed to make a little progress with our inventory of the moths at REGUA and photographed a few species to add to the growing REGUA moth list.

Hapigia annulata, lodge garden, REGUA, 14 July 2016 (right-click and open link in new tab to enlarge)

Lophocampa modesta, lodge garden, REGUA, 14 July 2016

Anthophila milliaria, lodge garden, REGUA, 14 July 2016

Lots of familiar species were recorded, including.

Ormetica rosenbergi, lodge garden, REGUA, 15 July 2016

Calonotos angustipennis, lodge garden, REGUA, 15 July 2016

Male Erinnyis alope alope, lodge garden, REGUA, 12 July 2016 (right-click and open link in new tab to
enlarge)

Adhemarius daphne daphne, lodge garden, REGUA, 12 July 2016 (right-click and open link in new tab to enlarge)

Male Enyo ocypete, lodge garden, REGUA, 14 July 2016

Female Cocytius duponchel, lodge garden, REGUA, 15 July 2016 (right-click and open
link in new tab to enlarge)

24 July 2016

Mothing at home: 23/24 July

Had the moth light on at home last night, but despite the very warm temperature and seemingly every other moth trap in the country overflowing with moths, the haul in Worcester Park was pitiful to say the least:

1 Silver Y Autographa gamma
1 Least Carpet Idaea rusticata
2m Willow Beauty Peribatodes rhomboidaria
1 Brimstone Moth Opisthograptis luteolata
3 Riband Wave Idaea aversata, 1 typical form and 2 ab. remutata
1m Gypsy Moth Lymantria dispar
1 Diamond-back Moth Plutella xylostella
1 Apple Leaf Miner Lyonetia clerkella
1 Little Grey Eudonia lacustrata
1 Gold Triangle Hypsopygia costalis
5 Rosy Tabby Endotricha flammealis
1 Grass-veneer Crambus pascuella
1 Garden Grass-veneer Chrysoteuchia culmella
1 Blastobasis adustella
Lots of Horse Chestnut Leaf-miner Cameraria ohridella

Silver Y Autographa gamma, Worcester Park, 24 July 2016

18 July 2016

Camera trapping at REGUA: 11-16 July

Rachel and I put the camera trap out in two locations at REGUA last week - two nights in the forest just off the trail to the São José Tower (11th/12th-12th/13th) and then three nights along a stream in the forest along an unmarked trail off the Forest Trail (13th/14th, 14th/15th and 15th/16th), baiting both sites with bananas. I messed up the positioning of the camera on the São José Tower trail so nothing worth posting from that site, but I managed to capture a few nice videos from the forest stream site (to watch in HD click on the cog icon, click on Quality and the select the highest resolution).

Forest stream


This is the same stream along which I have placed a camera trap in the past, but this time the camera was placed further upstream into the forest.

Rusty-margined Guan Penelope superciliaris, 15 July 2016. Rarely encountered around the lodge area trails just a few
years ago, today Rusty-margined Guan are occasionally seen around the wetland and up to 4 birds visit the lodge
feeders daily.

Yellow-headed Caracara Milvago chimachima, 15 July 2016

Pale-breasted Thrush Turdus leucomelas, 14 July 2016

Red-rumped Agouti Dasyprocta leporina, 14 July 2016

Capybara Hydrochaeris hydrochaeris, 14 July 2016. Capybara appear to range widely from the wetland at night.

Atlantic Forest Nectomys or South American Water Rat Nectomys squamipes, 15 July 2016

Atlantic Forest Nectomys or South American Water Rat Nectomys squamipes swimming past, 15 July 2016

A small fruitbat species attracted to the bananas, 14 July 2016

Big-eared Opossum or Brazilian Common Opossum Didelphis aurita, 15 July 2016

16 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 16 July

Our last day today. Rachel and I spent few hours walking around the Wetland Trail but we again failed to find the f/imm. Sungrebe that was seen by guests at the far corner of the wetland a few days ago. But we did see the male Sungrebe again, as well as 1 Scaly-headed Parrot over, 1 White-necked Heron, 2 Anhinga, 4 Muscovy Duck, 1 Ringed Kingfisher, 1 Striated Heron and lots of Capybara.

Along the Forest Trail we encountered a nice mixed species flock that contained more forest interior species (indicative of how successful the reforestation here has been) including 1 Golden-crowned Warbler (my first record along this trail), 2 Yellow-throated Woodpecker, 2 (1m, 1f) Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, 3 Green-headed Tanager, 2 (1m, 1f) Black-goggled Tanager, 2 Streaked Xenops and 1 Olivaceous Woodcreeper. Also noted were the more usual forest-edge/scrubland species including 3 (1m, 2f) Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike, 1 Chestnut-backed Antshrike, 1m Chestnut-vented Conebill, 1 Yellow-eared Woodpecker, 3 White-barred Piculet, 1 Rufous-tailed Jacamar, 1f Yellow-backed Tanager and 1m Violaceous Euphonia.

Female Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike Thamnophilus ambiguus, feeding at ground level along the Forest Trail, 16 July 2016

So another fantastic trip to REGUA comes to an end. Although I had a lot of work to get through and didn't have much time for birding, I had a great time seeing how successful the reforestation around the lodge area has been. I won't be leaving it so long until the next visit.

15 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 15 July

Another day working on the Portuguese REGUA website. Spent a couple of hours in the lodge garden this morning where I managed some nice shots of a Rufous-tailed Jacamar that was taking out the moths leaving the moth wall, along with 2 Southern House Wren. 2 Giant Cowbirds perched in the eucalyptus on the edge of the lodge garden are my first record at the lodge, and 1m Purple-throated Euphonia visiting the feeders with 2 (1m, 1f) Blue Dacnis was the best of the other birds present.

Photographed some interesting moths at the moth wall, including some potential new additions to the REGUA moth list, but more on this is a later post.

Male Rufous-tailed Jacamar Galbula ruficauda, lodge garden, REGUA, 15 July 2016

Record of 1 of 2 Giant Cowbirds Molothrus oryzivorus together in the lodge garden, 15 July 2016

A few hours spotlighting around the wetland this evening produced an excellent but yet another frustrating avian find. While photographing tree frogs at the wetland (by post 650 of the Wetland Trail) a Stygian Owl started calling (approximately by post 850). I quickly moved towards it and got quite close before it moved across the lake to the roughly where the tapir pen is being built. Despite the bird calling for over 10 minutes it didn't respond to playback (although I didn't have speakers with me and so the playback was very quiet) and I didn't see it - the theme for this year it seems - finding good birds by sound only. This is only the 3rd record for Rio de Janeiro State and the 2nd for REGUA, following 1 seen well on 31 July 2011 at the REGUA wetland (just a few day after I flew home from a two week trip, grrrr).

Anyway, found 5 Hypsiboas semilineatus tree frogs in the vegetation around the edge of the water, showing an incredible diversity of colouration and size - check out the individuals below seen this evening and compare to the one in the lodge garden on 8 July.

Hypsiboas semilineatus, REGUA wetland, 15 July 2016

Hypsiboas semilineatus, REGUA wetland, 15 July 2016

Also noted while spot-lighting were 4 (2m, 1f, 1) Pauraque, 3H Tawny-browed Owl, 12 Broad-snouted Caiman, several Capybara, lots of Neotropical Cichlid Geophagus brasiliensis fishes, and 2 roosting Ghost Yellow Eurema albula sinoe butterflies (many thanks to Jorge Bizarro for the identification).

Ghost Yellow Eurema albula sinoe, REGUA wetland, 15 July 2016

13 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 13 July

Retrieved the camera trap today from a site chosen in the forest just off the trail to the São José Tower, only to discover on return to the lodge that I had completely misjudged the positioning and placed it too high up and close to the bananas I'd put down - live and learn! The camera recorded 2+ Big-eared Opossum Didelphis aurita and several small bats dropping down to eat the bananas I'd left out.

A walk along the Forest Trail produced a nice mixed species bird flock that included 1 male Black-goggled Tanager, 1-2 Fuscous Flycatcher, 1 Grey-hooded Attila and 1H Southern Antpipit (the first time I've recorded these species along this trail) along with 1 Tropical Parula, 1m Crested Becard, 3 (2m, 1f) White-flanked Antwren, 2m Chestnut-vented Conebill and 1 Yellow-throated Woodpecker,

At the wetland, 1 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, 33 White-faced Whistling-Duck, 3 Muscovy Duck and a Broad-snouted Caiman hauled out on an island.

Male Black-goggled Tanager Lanio melanops, Forest Trail, 13 July 2016. This forest interior species is currently fairly common along
the Forest Trail and around the wetland - an indicator of the success of the reforestation at REGUA.

Fuscous Flycatcher Cnemotriccus fuscatus, Forest Trail, REGUA, 12 July 2016

11 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 11 July

Rachel and I put the camera trap out today, just off the trail leading to the São José Tower and baited the area with bananas - let's see what comes in? Walked to the site via the Forest Trail and had a nice winter mixed species bird flock that included 1 Eye-ringed Tody-Tyrant (yet another forest interior species moving into the area), several Black-goggled Tanager, 1 Sepia-capped Flycatcher, 1m Crested Becard, 1 Yellow-backed Tanager, 2-3 Squirrel Cuckoo, and 1f White-bearded Manakin.

On the wetland, 2 Black-bellied Whistling-Duck, 2 Anhinga, 8 White-faced Whistling-Duck, several Muscovy Duck, several Brazilian Teal and an adult Rufescent Tiger-Heron were logged, and over the lodge several Biscutate Swift were quite low mid afternoon.

A couple of hours walking the Wetland Trail after dark was unsurprisingly very quiet for nocturnal bird activity, producing just 1f Pauraque (down to 2 metres in torch light) and 2H Tropical Screech-Owl, along with a roosting Purple Gallinule, 2 Capybara and an incredible 41 Broad-snouted Caiman - by far my highest count here and only one short of the REGUA record!

Female Pauraque Hydropsalis albicollis, REGUA wetland, after dark 11 July 2016 (taken using a torch - no flash)

1 of 41 Broad-snouted Caiman Caiman latirostris at the REGUA wetland this evening. Amazing to think that just 11 years go the
wetland was farmland, and none of these reptiles have been introduced.

Roosting Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinica, 11 July 2016

Several Neotropical Cichlid Geophagus brasiliensis were seen in the wetland by torch light - a common Atlantc Forest endemic of calm
water and species frequently kept in aquariums. Many thanks to Thiago Barros of Federal University of Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ) for
the identification.

10 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 10 July

A quiet but still very good morning at the 'Waldenoor' area of the reserve, situated up valley from the tiny settlement of Estrieto. A Red-cowled Cardinal from the truck in the village of Matumbo on route got the day started, before walking the Waldenoor Trail which produced 1m Frilled Coquette and 1 Pale-browed Treehunter (both at 'Waldenoor's house'), 1 Planalto Woodcreeper, 1 Scaled Woodcreeper, 4 (1H) Star-throated Antwren, 2 (1m, 1f) Surucua Trogon, 2 Cliff Flycatcher, 2 (1m, 1f) Red-crowned Ant-Tanager, 1 Grey-hooded Attila and 1H Grey-fronted Dove.

A walk along the Lower Veludo Trail down to the now legendary 'machete shop' produced 2+m White-shouldered Fire-eye and several f Black-goggled Tanagers around an ant swarm, 1m Spot-breasted Antvireo (and 1 prob. f glimpst), 1 Streak-capped Antwren, 1 Blond-crested Woodpecker, 2-3 Yellow-green Grosbeak, 2 Sepia-capped Flycatcher, 3 (1 ad. m, 1 imm. m, 1f) Blue Manakin, 1 Green-headed Tanager, 1m Chestnut-vented Conebill, 1m Violet-capped Woodnymph, 1 Yellow-eared Woodpecker, 1 Olivaceous Woodcreeper, 1 Golden-crowned Warbler, 1H White-throated Woodcreeper, 1H Rufous-breasted Leaftosser, and 1 prob. 2 Swainson's Flycatcher were in trees by the shop.

Checked out the derelict house at Waldenoor and found 2 Black Myotis Myotis nigricans bats roosting inside and a particularly 'interesting' spider.

2 Black Myotis Myotis nigricans, derelict house at Waldenoor, REGUA, 10 July 2016

9 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 9 July

Another busy day at the screen so this post is merely a notebook entry. A few notables logged in the lodge garden throughout the day - 1f Chestnut-bellied Euphonia coming to the bananas (my first record for the lodge garden) along with 1m Purple-throated Euphonia, 5 (2m, 3f) Violaceous Euphonia, 4 (1m, 3f) Brazilian Tanager, several Golden-chevroned Tanager, lots of Blue Dacnis (both sexes) and Maroon-bellied Parakeets. Also around the garden were 1+ Rufous-tailed Jacamar and a Planalto Tyrannulet.

An evening walk around the wetland to photograph bats produced several species, and birds noted include 1 Capped Heron and lots of Cattle Egret coming into roost.

8 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 8 July

Spent a couple of hours this morning paddling around the wetland in the research canoe checking out the progress of the replanted Tabebuia cassinoides - a slow growing swamp-loving climax tree species that once covered many lowland areas in the Atlantic Forest. The trees are doing very well but I am a little concerned that the Cattle Egret roost has partially moved to the tabebuia, which could threaten their survival.

From the canoe had nice views of the male Sungrebe (although it was not very tolerant of the canoe and so there is no chance using it to get close to photograph it), along with 2 (1 ad and 1 imm) Rufescent Tiger-Heron, 2+ Striated Heron, 1 Snowy Egret, 1-2 Anhinga, 3 Muscovy Duck, 1 Amazon Kingfisher, 1 Ringed Kingfisher, 2 Brazilian Teal, 2 Broad-snouted Caiman, and plenty of Capybara.

In the lodge garden a Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl posed nicely for photos late morning, and 3 (1m, 2f) Flame-crested Tanager, 3+ Chivi Vireo and 1m Yellow-backed Tanager showed at very close range from the lodge tower early morning.

Ferruginous Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium brasilianum, lodge grounds, REGUA, 8 July 2016

Spent a couple of hours after dark photographing at least 5-6 Bokermann's Nectar Bats Lonchophylla bokermanni that were drinking sugar water from the lodge hummingbird feeders. I'm quite pleased with these pics considering this was my first attempt.

Bokermann's Nectar Bat Lonchophylla bokermanni, lodge garden, REGUA, 8 July 2016 (taken using a torch - no flash)

Bokermann's Nectar Bat Lonchophylla bokermanni, lodge garden, REGUA, 8 July 2016 (taken using a torch - no flash)

Also found a nice Hypsiboas semilineatus tree frog hoping around on the veranda. Amazingly variable this species - compare this individual to one I had at REGUA in 2014.

Hypsiboas semilineatus, lodge garden, REGUA, 8 July 2016

7 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 7 July

Another day of working on the Portuguese REGUA website in the office (nature conservation work comes in many forms). Got out to the wetland late afternoon until dusk where 1m Sungrebe photographed near dusk in very low light (still no sign of the female seen a few weeks ago), 1 Anhinga, 2 Slaty-breasted Wood-Rail, 34 Neotropic Cormorant (a new personal highest site count), 1 Snowy Egret, 1 Great White Egret and 1 Ringed Kingfisher were noted. Notables in the lodge garden were 1 Rufous-tailed Jacamar, 5 Channel-billed Toucan, 2 Scaly-headed Parrot and 4 Brazilian Tanager (1m, 1 imm. m, 2f). Hope to get out more over the next few days.

Record of the male Sungrebe Heliornis fulica, REGUA wetland, 7 July 2016 - the third record for REGUA (my second) and a very rare
bird in Rio de Janeiro state

6 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 6 July

Spent most of the day building the new Portuguese REGUA website today and so very little time for birding. Had a very quick look around the wetland in the morning. Highlights were 2 Limpkin (surprisingly scarce here), 1 Anhinga, and yet more forest interior bird species noted (on the shortcut trail) included 1 White-necked Thrush, 1m Yellow-legged Thrush (both in a small flock with Pale-breasted Thrush and Creamy-bellied Thrush), and 1H Grey-hooded Attila. Also noted were 2 Scaly-headed Parrot over, 1m White-bearded Manakin, 3 White-barred Piculet, 1 Channel-billed Toucan (with another 3 in the lodge grounds), 1 Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet, 5 White-faced Whistling-Duck (numbers are very low at the wetland at the moment), 1H Lemon-chested Greenlet.

Not many photo opportunities today, but 2 Saffron Finch did allow close approach (this open country species is not as common at the wetland as it once were now that the reforested areas are maturing).

Male Saffron Finch Sicalis flaveola, REGUA wetland, 6 July 2016 - one of several open country bird species gradually being
squeezed out of the wetland area at REGUA as the reforestation matures

5 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 5 July

Got quite of lot of work to get done at REGUA on this trip and therefore I won't have a huge amount of time for birding. Managed to catch up with one of the Sungrebes at the wetland this morning (the male) - the second I've seen at REGUA, and it's very noticable how birds associated with mature forest are becoming more regular at the wetland - a testament to the success of the reforestation work we have been carrying out over the last ten years, with 2 Black-goggled Tanager, 1H White-necked Thrush and 12 Azure-shouldered Tanager (over towards the lodge) all being my first records at the wetland.

Other birds seen on a walk around the Wetland this morning with Rachel, Sue and Adilei include 1 Fuscous Flycatcher, 1 Swallow Tanager N, 1 Anhinga, 17 Neotropic Cormorant, 3-4 Black-capped Donacobius, 6 Greater Ani, 1 Wing-banded Hornero, 1 Amazon Kingfisher, 1 Ringed Kingfisher, 2-3 Southern Lapwing, 2 White-faced Whistling-Duck, 2 Blue-winged Parrotlet, 2 Scaly-headed Parrot over, 1 Capped Heron, 2 Rufescent Tiger-Heron (1 ad, 1 imm), 1 Great White Egret, 1 Striated Heron, 2 (1 ad, 1 imm) Black-crowned Night-Heron, 7+ Muscovy Duck, (only) 2 Brazilian Teal, 2 Yellow-chinned Spinetail, 1H Lemon-chested Greenlet, 2 Purple Gallinule, lots of Wattled Jacana, Common Moorhen, 1 Southern Caracara, 1m White-headed Marsh Tyrant, 3 Masked Water-Tyrant, 1 Southern Rough-winged Swallow, 1 Broad-snouted Caiman, and lots of Capybara.

The Forest Trail was very busy with bird activity and again, several species associated with mature forest were noted including 2 Ruddy Quail-Dove, 1 Grey-hooded Attila, 3 Black-goggled Tanager, 1m Surucua Trogon, 2 Yellow-throated Woodpecker, 4+ (3+m, 1f) Yellow-legged Thrush, 1 Greyish Mourner, and best of all a female Sooty Grassquit - only my second record at REGUA and my first in the lodge area. Also along the Forest Trail were 1+ Green-backed Becard, 1 Chestnut-crowned Becard, 1m White-winged Becard, 1 Rufous-browed Peppershrike, 2 (1m, 1f) Orange-bellied Euphonia, 1 Lesser Woodcreeper, 1H Plain-winged Woodcreeper, 1 Yellow-eared Woodpecker, 1 Sepia-capped Flycatcher, 1 Moustached Wren, 1f White-bearded Manakin, 1f White-flanked Antwren, 1m Yellow-backed Tanager, 1H Bananaquit, 1H Yellow-olive Flycatcher, 1H Channel-billed Toucan. 2 Brown-throated (Three-toed) Sloth were seen along the trail, but no sign of the 2 Red-ruffed Fruitcrow reported by a visiting birder two days before.

A quick try for Shrike-like Cotinga along the tower hide loop failed to produce any, but 1m Sooretama Slaty-Antshrike (good to know this scrub-loving species is still here despite the forest maturing), 1 Grey-hooded Flycatcher, 1 Grey-hooded Attila, 2 (1, 1f) Unicoloured Antwren, 1m White-flanked Antwren, 1H White-eyed Foliage-gleaner, 1H Plain Xenops, and 1H Euler's Flycatcher were noted.

Spent the afternoon giving a demonstration on the new REGUA website and working on building the Brazilian site. Hopefully I can complete the essential pages of the Brazilian site before I return home.

4 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 4 July

So exciting waking up at REGUA for the first time on a trip. This morning I awoke to the sound of Rufous-capped Motmots calling at dawn from the forest outside our window of the luxurious room 1 at the lodge! Highlights of a quick look at the lodge garden this morning were a Rusty-margined Guan on one of the feeders at dawn, 1 Blond-crested Woodpecker on the feeders, 1 Yellow-eared Woodpecker, 2 (1m, 1f) Chestnut-vented Conebill, 1 Rufous-breasted Hermit, 1 Palm Tanager and several Blue Dacnis.

Caught up with our good friend Adilei (REGUA's quite frankly bloody awesome bird guide) who drove us to see one of his friends in the nearby village of Estrieto who has built a huge and quite remarkable bird feeder from an old plastic crate, lots of branches and a thatched roof. Located at an elevation of 186 m, the feeder here was attracting a slightly different suite of bird species to the feeders in the lodge garden at REGUA (43 m), including a small flock on Olive-green Tanager (generally rare at feeders and certainly the best views of this species I've ever had), a few Azure-shouldered Tanager, several Blue-naped Chlorophonia, several Green-headed Tanager, 2+ (1m, 1f) Chestnut-bellied Euphonia, along with 1m Yellow-backed Tanager, several Violaceous Euphonia (both sexes), several Blue Dacnis (both sexes), a small flock of Maroon-bellied Parakeets, a Buff-throated Saltator and a Sayaca Tanager.

Olive-green Tanager Orthogonys chloricterus, Estrieto, 4 July 2016 - bonkers views of this Atlantic Forest endemic today

A couple of hours night-birding at dusk at an area of pasture and scrub near REGUA produced 2 Giant Snipe (1 in flight and superb views of another in torch-light on the ground down to about four metres (that I might add we didn't flush despite approaching so close), 1 Scissor-tailed Nightjar, 1 Common Potoo (with another probable, very distant), 1 Tropical Screech-Owl, 2 Burrowing Owl, 1H Spot-tailed Nightjar, 2 Chalk-browed Mockingbird, 1H Blackish Rail, a few H Ash-throated Crake, and 1H Striped Cuckoo. A magic end to the end complete with a dramatic backdrop of the Milky Way blazing across the night sky - fantastic!

Giant Snipe Gallinago undulata, near REGUA, 4 July 2016 (no flash) - this difficult nocturnal species is 20% larger than Eurasian
Woodcock Scolopax rusticola

3 July 2016

REGUA, Atlantic Forest, Brazil: 3 July

Arrived at REGUA this morning, Rachel and my home away from home and foreign patch, in the Atlantic Forest of south-east Brazil - our first visit since March 2014. 2 Roseate Spoonbill on the estuary by the airport seen from the minibus are my first I've seen here, and the usual Magnificent Frigatebirds were also seen from the bus around the airport area.

Spent most of the day at REGUA catching up with of good friends Nicholas and Raquel Locke. Lots of bird activity in the lodge garden today (the lodge garden is usually busier during the austral winter, when temperatures are lower and many species move to lower altitudes) including a new species for the lodge garden - a male House Sparrow on the veranda! This only my second record at REGUA - the first being at the conservation centre. Also coming to the feeders in the lodge garden were 2 Buff-throated Saltator, 1 Squirrel Cuckoo, 3 (2m, 1f) Purple-throated Euphonia, 2 (1m, 1f) Violaceous Euphonia, 1+ Channel-billed Toucan, 1f Brazilian Tanager, Golden-chevroned Tanager, 1+ Red-rumped Cacique, lots of Blue Dacnis (males and females) and Maroon-bellied Parakeets, Swallow-tailed Hummingbird and Glittering-throated Emerald.

An afternoon walk around the wetland with Rachel Walls, Sue Healey, Nicholas and Raquel to see the changes (including the beginning of the construction of the tapir reintroduction pen) produced 1 Anhinga, 1+ ad. Rufescent Tiger-Heron, 3 Striated Heron, 2 Capped Heron, several Black-crowned Night-Heron (Amanda's Hide), 6 Muscovy Duck, 2 Brazilian Teal, 1H Rufous-sided Crake, 13 Neotropical Cormorant into roost (my highest count at the REGUA wetland), 1m Rufous-tailed Jacamar, 1+ Ringed Kingfisher, 1 Amazon Kingfisher, 4 Broad-snouted Caiman and lots of Capybara.

Heard a Tropical Screech-Owl while walking up the lodge drive at dusk, and I've got the MV at moth wall on but I'm too tired to stay up so I'll check it in the morning.

Capybara Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris, REGUA wetland, 3 July 2016 - the world's largest rodent. The animals at REGUA appeared
naturally after the wetland was created. I've eaten Capybara - it tasted worse than they look!